Martinique is an island in the eastern Caribbean Sea, north of Trinidad and Tobago. It is an overseas department of France, and although its official language is French, almost all of its inhabitants also speak Antillean Creole.
The island has a tropical climate and a mountainous terrain with an indented coastline; as it is a dormant volcano. The north of the island is mountainous and lushly forested, featuring four ensembles of dramatic pitons and mornes. The most dominating of the island’s many beautiful mountains, with 1397 meters, is the infamous volcano Mount Pelée. The volcanic ash has created beautiful grey and black sand beaches in the north (in particular between Anse Ceron and Anse des Gallets), contrasting markedly from the white sands of Les Salines in the south.
The south is more easily traversed, though it still features some impressive geographic features. Because it is easier to travel and because of the many beautiful beaches and food throughout this region, the south receives the bulk of the tourist traffic. The beaches from Pointe de Bout, through Diamant (which features right off the coast the beautiful Roche de Diamant), St. Luce, the town of St. Anne all the way down to Les Salines are very popular.
Martinique Oriole is the only endemic species, while Blue-headed Hummingbird, White-breasted Thrasher, and Grey Trembler are each found on Martinique and one additional island. The local subspecies (Dendroica petechia ruficapilla) of Yellow Warbler has a rusty head and looks quite different from the subspecies on the nearest islands.